To understand how Thalassaemia affects the human body, you must first understand a little about how blood is made
WHAT IS THALASSAEMIA?
Thalassaemia is genetically inherited blood disorder characterized by abnormal production of haemoglobin (Hb) (either alpha or beta goblin chains). They result in low haemoglobin and excessive destruction of red blood cells. So, Thalassaemia is not a disease but a disorder of an Individual.
To understand how Thalassaemia affects the human body, you must first understand a little about how blood is made.
Blood carries oxygen from your lungs to other parts of your body. Oxygen is carried inside the red blood cells by a substance called haemoglobin.
HAEMOGLOBIN (Hb) is the oxygen carrying iron component of the red blood cells. It consists of two different proteins, an Alpha and Beta .If the body doesn’t produce enough of either of these two proteins, and the red blood cells do not form properly by bone marrow (Asthimajja) and cannot carry sufficient oxygen.